The concept of value in art has many possible definitions. For most kids the idea of value in art may bring to mind a valuable painting they saw in a museum or maybe even a good deal on a new set of paints.
But the element of value is really all about the lightness or darkness of a color; be it black or any other color.
The elements of art and principles of designs are building blocks of any art education!
Art Is Fundamental: Teaching the Elements and Principles of Art in Elementary School by Eileen S. Page is a helpful book for both the art teacher and a parent trying to present a well rounded visual arts education. This book provides detailed lessons and points out their relationship to the basic elements and principles.
The element of value in art ~the black and white version
The first portion of this printable can be done with either a pencil or any pen. I like this exercise because it shows kids that there are a variety of ways to create value, besides mixing paint. A value scale can be created using any kind of mark. A variety of lines, shapes, or simple shapes can all work to create value.
The element of value in art~ in color
The color portion of this value exercise can be done with either an opaque paint such as tempera or a translucent paint such as watercolor, although the directions will differ slightly.
If using tempera paint the kids will use three colors of paint to create their value scale; black, white, and their chosen hue. If your student is using watercolor they will create the “lighter’ side of the value scale by simply using their chosen color more or less concentrated, or using more or less water. Watercolor paint does not use white paint, just the white of the paper showing through.
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